In the video, two musicians are playing pampa cornetas in the district of Huaccana (province of Chincheros, department of Apurímac, Peru). The term pampa corneta is used both to designate the instruments in the image and the first video (better known as waqra phukus or huaccra pucunas) as well as to name long natural trumpets similar to the huarajo and the clarín from Cajamarca (second video).

Additional information on these instruments can be found in the open access digital book Las largas trompetas de los Andes, by Edgardo Civallero (in Spanish).

Video 01 (material uploaded to YouTube by toccsopampa customs).

Video 02 (material uploaded to YouTube by Jorge Demetrio Ochoa Vargas).

[Image: YouTube].

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Pan flutes are a class of aerophones present throughout the world, in all historical periods.

Among its distinctive features are its numerous fastening or tying systems, which on many occasions are characteristic of a region or even of a specific culture. Authors such as Izikowitz devoted entire paragraphs to analyzing and describing, in greater or lesser detail, such systems.

The image shows the particular tying of a flute from Central Africa: specifically, from the Congo.

Additional information on this type of wind instrument can be found in the free access digital book Introducción a las flautas de Pan, by Edgardo Civallero (in Spanish).

[Image: Europeana].

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Edgardo Civallero

Edgardo Civallero

An Argentina-born, Colombia-based librarian, musician, citizen science, traveller and writer, working in the Galapagos Islands [www.edgardocivallero.com]